A Social Model Employment Efficiency and Income Distribution Index

Labour market performance as measured by employment rates and inequality of income distribution show significant differences among EU countries. In 2014, the variation in employment rates was between 48.8% in Greece and 74.4% in Sweden; S80/S20 income quintile share ratios ranged from 3.4 in Czech Republic to 6.6 in Bulgaria, Romania and Greece in 2013. To some extent, labour market and social institutions may account for these differences. Implemented social models in Europe differ from each other by different combinations of policies and institutions. Weiterlesen

Hungary on the Way from a Liberal to an Illiberal System. Introductory Remarks

András Inotai (Budapest), 31 August 2015.

The idea of preparing a thematic issue on Hungary goes back one and a half years. The initiative started in February 2014 – shortly before the end of Viktor Orbán’s second four-year parliamentary cycle, precisely two months before the elections. Almost four years of government should be sufficient to evaluate the main goals, achievements, instruments, costs, and consequences of this period. We were fully aware of the fact that the analyses in this volume would – at least partly – address the situation and developments after the parliamentary elections of 2014 as well. The authors were invited to publish on selected issues of Hungarian development covering the past 25 years, with particular attention to the period between 2010 and 2014/15. The main aim of this undertaking is to shed light on several challenging and, to an extent, controversial developments in Hungary. On the other hand, this publication is intended to provide orientation for policy makers, experts and, not least, a wider public interested in the rapidly evolving political, institutional, economic, social, and psychological situation in this EU member state. Weiterlesen