Reconfiguring politics in Moldova

By Petru Negura

The Party of Action and Solidarity won the early parliamentary elections in the Republic of Moldova on July 11, 2021, by 52.80%, far ahead of its main electoral competitor, the Bloc of Socialists and Communists (27.17%), and the Shor Political Party (5.74%). It is the first time in the history of Moldova that a right-wing or center-right party wins a majority in Parliament on its own. The key messages the PAS – and before it, Maia Sandu, the former president of the party and current President of Moldova – focused on were fighting corruption and expanding the rule of law. To truly bring about change, the new government now needs broad support from society to promote justice reforms and strengthening state institutions. „Reconfiguring politics in Moldova“ weiterlesen

Tajikistan-Kyrgyzstan border clashes: Unaddressed problems of the past 30 years

by Meerim Egemberdieva

The border clashes between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan started on the 28th of April 2021 when a group of Tajik citizens installed a water surveillance camera in the border area. The Kyrgyz side claims that the Tajiks illegally entered Kyrgyz territory. The Tajik side claims that the group stayed on Tajik territory. Following this dispute, villagers from both sides of the border started throwing stones at each other. Later, these border quarrels escalated to a clash involving heavy artillery, mortar, and gunfire. Both sides blamed each other for starting the armed conflict. As a result of the clash, at least 40 Kyrgyz citizens and 20 Tajik citizens died. More than 200 people were injured and over 50.000 Kyrgyz people were internally displaced. „Tajikistan-Kyrgyzstan border clashes: Unaddressed problems of the past 30 years“ weiterlesen

Falling for the Promises, yet again? Kyrgyzstan’s New President: New Hope or the Next Disappointment?

by Meerim Egemberdieva

On the 10th of January, early in the morning, I headed to the polling station to participate in the presidential election. There was no queue and the process of voting took me only five minutes. Unlike other elections though, this time I went to the polling station knowing almost certainly what the election results would be. „Falling for the Promises, yet again? Kyrgyzstan’s New President: New Hope or the Next Disappointment?“ weiterlesen

Rumänien am Ende des Pandemiejahres 2020

Von Rudolf Gräf

2020 war ein schwieriges Jahr für Europa und die Welt, und es war ein schwieriges Jahr für Rumänien: ein Jahr, in dem eine Minderheitsregierung das Land durch die COVID-19-Krise führen musste, eine Regierung, die erst einmal gestürzt wurde, weil sie ein Gesetz erlassen wollte, das die (Wieder-)Wahl der Bürgermeister auf demokratischere Beine stellen wollte. Gewehrt hatten sich dagegen die Sozialdemokraten, denen ein solches Wahlgesetz nicht genehm war. Im März neugebildet, stand dann für die Regierung Orban II der Kampf gegen das Virus im Vordergrund. Dabei wurde sie permanent von den Sozialdemokraten und ihnen nahestehenden gesellschaftlichen Kräften boykottiert, aber auch von der Rumänischen Orthodoxen Kirche, für die das Ausfallen der Osterfestlichkeiten sowie der Wallfahrten bedeutende finanzielle Einbußen gebracht hat. Schlimm war, dass es von Seiten hoher orthodoxer Kirchenfürsten sogar offene Aufforderung zu sozialem Ungehorsam gab, zuletzt versuchten sie es mit der Beeinflussung der Parlamentswahlen und drohten mit dem Eingriff Gottes und dem Sturz der Regierung wie des Präsidenten (so der Patriarch und der Erzbischof von Constanta). „Rumänien am Ende des Pandemiejahres 2020“ weiterlesen

The story of a frozen flag: Understanding what is happening in Belarus

By Volha Bartash

Western media often portray the events in Belarus as an ongoing confrontation between “the last dictator of Europe” and the opposition led by Sviatlana Tsikhanouskaya, a Belarusian leader in exile. According to Belarusian independent media, this is an uprising of Belarusian people against Lukashenka. So, what is really going on in Belarus? Probably, none of the two aforementioned scenarios. „The story of a frozen flag: Understanding what is happening in Belarus“ weiterlesen

The first woman president of Moldova: an overwhelming yet fragile victory

By Petru Negura

The victory of Maia Sandu in the November 2020 presidential elections is a remarkable political event for the Republic of Moldova and the CIS countries for several reasons. The legitimacy of this victory is indisputable. Maia Sandu, a graduate of Harvard University and former adviser to the director of the World Bank in Washington D.C., defeated her opponent Igor Dodon, the leader of the Socialist Party, by over 15 percentage points (57.72% compared to 42.28%). Sandu secured a bigger share of the vote than any other candidate in the history of elections in Moldova since 1991. She is the first politician in Moldova to win elections with a platform focused exclusively on the fight against corruption and for the rule of law. Last but not least, Maia Sandu is the first woman to win in a close and unequal fight with her male opponents, primarily with the incumbent President Igor Dodon. She thus becomes the first female president of the Republic of Moldova and is, for now, the only woman president in the CIS space. „The first woman president of Moldova: an overwhelming yet fragile victory“ weiterlesen

Broken Hopes, Power Struggles and Chaos in Kyrgyzstan

by Meerim Egemberdieva

On 4th of October 2020, Kyrgyzstan held parliamentary elections. 16 parties competed. Yet, only three status quo parties gained most of the votes. Protests broke out in the capital Bishkek. These protests focus on two of the winning parties which are linked with President Jeenbekov and former Customs’ official Raimbek Matraimov. „Broken Hopes, Power Struggles and Chaos in Kyrgyzstan“ weiterlesen