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Projekte

From Brain Drain and Brain Gain to Brain Circulation: Towards a More Social Europe

by Kathleen Beger and Ulf Brunnbauer

Weak economies and a lack of professional prospects have had a significant impact on migration movement from Central and (South)East European countries to Germany over the past two decades. The EU Eastern Enlargement in 2004, 2007 and 2013, together with the freedom of movement in the EU, as well as visa liberalisation for non-EU countries, and programmes implemented by Germany to facilitate the immigration of skilled workers from third countries have accelerated this process. Thus, between 2015 and 2021, a net total of more than 1.1 million people from the Danube region — Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czechia, Hungary, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Ukraine1 — moved to Germany.2 For some of these countries, emigration has become a major drag on their economic performance because of the ensuing lack of especially skilled labour. For Germany’s economy, however, immigration has become an important source of economic growth.

  1. All data related to Ukraine refers to the time before Russia launched its war on 24 February 2022. []
  2. Statistisches Bundesamt (Destatis), 2022 | 24.11.2022 / 10:32:57 (The exact number is 1.130.890). It is not specified whether these people arrived in Germany from their countries of origin or from other countries. []
Kategorien
Aktuelles

Von Ost nach West: Wie die post-kommunistische Migration Europa verändert

Im Frühjahr 2020 schlossen die Regierungen der EU aufgrund der Covid-19-Pandemie eine Grenze nach der anderen. Sofort stellte sich heraus, wie abhängig das europäische Wirtschaftsmodell von (süd-)osteuropäischen Arbeitskräften geworden ist.

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Aktuelles Services für die Forschung

Literatur zu Ausländern im Russischen Reich

St. Petri. 1710-1910
St. Petri. 1710-1910

Erik Amburger (1907-2001) ist all jenen ein Begriff, die sich mit personenbezogener Forschung zu Russland auseinandersetzen. Weit über die Grenzen Deutschlands hinaus ist sein Personenarchiv bekannt, in dem über 100 000 Ausländer aus dem vorrevolutionären Russland nachgewiesen und die in der Amburger-Datenbank recherchierbar sind. Weniger bekannt ist, dass Amburger nicht nur sein Archiv einer Vorgängereinrichtung des Leibniz-Instituts für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (IOS), dem Osteuropa-Institut München (OEI), übergeben hat, sondern auch seine etwa 880 Bände zählende Bibliothek, die die Grundlage für seine Forschung darstellte. Nun ist ein Bestandsverzeichnis erschienen, in dem die Literatur besonders tief erschlossen ist.

Kategorien
Lectures / Readings

Migration and Economic Development in Socialist Yugoslavia

by Ulf Brunnbauer

This article is based on a talk at the Polanyi Center, Corvinus University, Budapest, on March 2, 2016

In 1971 the Yugoslav economic Ivo Vinski published an assessment of the Gastarbeiter’s economic contribution to Yugoslavia. Vinski calculated that the average Yugoslav worker in Germany produced a net product worth of 1,250 German Marks. 400 of that were profits for the employer as well as taxes and social security contributions. Out of the remaining salary, the average Gastarbeiter spent 440 Marks on his (or her) subsistence in Germany; that is, money spent in Germany. He (or she) saved 410 Marks, out of with 145 Marks were put on a savings account at a bank in Germany and 265 Marks repatriated to Yugoslavia. Summing up, Vinski concluded that four fifths of the added value produced by the Gastarbeiter benefitted the German, that is, a capitalist economy and only one fifth the Yugoslav one. If the costs of schooling and training were factored in, Yugoslavia’s balance of the Gastarbeiter economy would even be negative.[1]

"How much a Yugoslav worker abroad values"
“How much a Yugoslav worker abroad values”

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